Unstable regulatory frameworks between the government-funded transition to renewables and the Ukraine crisis
As with environment protection, Germany sees itself as pioneer in the area of energy policy. With the “Energiewende” (energy transition) Germany wants to shift its energy production and consumption away from nuclear energy and fossil fuels towards renewable sources of energy (55-60% in 2035, 80% in 2050).
While the sources of energy produced and used are decided upon by the individual EU member states, the EU itself is very active in the area of energy consumption and energy security. A new energy efficiency target of 30% by 2030 has just been announced (complementing the old goal of 20% until 2020). In response to the Ukraine crisis, the EU has published an energy security strategy. In addition to saving energy, the focus is placed on increasing energy production and diversifying supplier countries and transit routes.